JNPT Greenfield Vadhavan Port, Dahanu, Maharashtra

Unnati More Jul 08, 2024 0

Vadhavan Port, being developed by Vadhavan Port Project Ltd (VPPL), a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) formed between JNPA (Jawaharlal Nehru Port Authority) and the Maharashtra Maritime Board (MMB), is set to become one of the top 10 ports in the world. It will be an all-weather greenfield deep draft major port located in the Palghar district of Maharashtra. Once completed, it will be one of the deepest seaports in India.

Project Overview:

On June 19, 2024, the Union Cabinet, chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, approved the development of this deep-water port near Dahanu, Maharashtra. Vadhavan port is estimated to cost INR 76,220 Crore (USD 9.1 Billion). This includes land acquisition and the development of core and commercial infrastructure. The estimated construction cost of the project is INR 5,000 Crore

Development Phases and Scope

The upcoming mega project will cover an anticipated 17,471 hectares (Ha). Of this, nearly 16,900 hectares will be within the port limits, and 571 hectares will be outside. It will be developed in two phases. Phase 1 is expected to be completed by 2030, while Phase 2 will be finished between 2035 and 2039. VPPL will handle the basic infrastructure, including breakwaters, rail and road linkages, power & water lines, and common services. Meanwhile, the awarded agencies will develop the cargo handling infrastructure for the port.

Vadhavan Port Key Features

Vadhavan Port will have a cumulative annual capacity of 298 Million Metric Tonnes (MMT). The container handling capacity will be 23.2 Million Twenty-foot Equivalent Units (TEUs) per year. Of this, Phase 1 will handle 15 Million TEUs. Key features of the port include:

  • 9 container terminals: Each with a straight 1,000 m long marginal quay. Seven terminals have container storage yards directly behind the quay apron, while two have yards about 1km behind the quay.
  • 4 multi-purpose berths: Each 250m long, located at the southern end of the reclamation.
  • 4 liquid bulk berths: Located on the lee-side of the breakwater.
  • 1 Ro-Ro berth: At the southwest end of the offshore reclamation, with adjacent vehicle parking.
  • Berths for small craft: Pilot boats, tugs, and coastguard berths at the southern end of the reclamation. Additional berths may be provided at the northern end if needed.
  • Rail terminal: Located along the eastern side of the offshore reclamation.
  • Onshore reclamation: For liquid bulk storage and administrative facilities.
Vadhavan Port Complex Plans

Vadhavan Port Project Benefits

The Vadhavan Port project will significantly strengthen connectivity along the Maharashtra coastline. It is expected to enhance the state’s economy and positively impact the socio-economic profile of Vadhavan and Dahanu. Post-completion, it will serve as a gateway port for the India-Middle East-Europe Economic Corridor (IMEEC) and the International North-South Transportation Corridor (INSTC).

The project will generate nearly 12 lakh direct and indirect employment opportunities and contribute to skill development in the local workforce. It will also likely lead to improvements in transport, communication, health facilities, and other basic infrastructure.

Infrastructure Development around Vadhavan Port

The government has approved road connectivity between the port and national highways, developed by the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways (MoRTH). Additionally, there will be a rail linkage to the existing rail network and the upcoming dedicated rail freight corridor by the Ministry of Railways.

Concerned Professionals

AECOM India Pvt Ltd, alongside Pentacle Consultants Pvt Ltd, serves as the DPR consultant for this project. Royal HaskoningDHV Consulting Pvt Ltd is providing GFC architectural services. 


Project details:

Name of the ProjectJNPT Greenfield Vadhavan Port, Dahanu
Latest StatusStatus: Pre-Construction

As of June 2024, the Union Cabinet approved the development of the all-weather greenfield deep draft major port at Vadhavan in Maharashtra.
LocationVadhavan, Palghar, Maharashtra
Construction Cost (in INR)5,000 INR-Crore
Description The proposed project envisages the development of a major greenfield port at Vadhavan near Dahanu in Maharashtra.

It involves the reclamation of 1,448 hectares of area in the sea and the construction of 10.14 km of offshore breakwater and container/cargo storage areas.

The project will include the following developments : 

Terminal Administration Building: Ground Floor + 3 Upper Floors
Signal Station
Customs Office 
Gate Complex
Worker’s Amenities Building 
Maintenance Workshops 
Other Miscellaneous Buildings (Fire Station, Dispensary Buildings, Fuel Stations, etc.)
Container Terminal: 9 Nos.
Multipurpose Berth: 4 Nos.
Construction of Breakwater
DFC Rail Yard
Package-wise tenders will be floated for civil works.

NOTE: The construction cost and area of the project are tentative.
SegmentPorts & Harbours Works
Owner – DeveloperJawaharlal Nehru Port Authority (JNPA)
Maharashtra Maritime Board (MMB)
SectorPublic-Private Venture
Construction start2025
Project completion (Estimated timeline)2029


Vadhavan Port Project Ltd (VPPL)

This SPV was established as a joint venture between the Jawaharlal Nehru Port Authority (JNPA) and the Maharashtra Maritime Board (MMB). It is responsible for overseeing the development, construction, and operation of the all-weather Greenfield deep draft major port in Vadhavan, Palghar District, Maharashtra. 

JNPT (Jawaharlal Nehru Port Authority)

Commissioned in 1989, the Jawaharlal Nehru Port Authority (JNPA), is a premier container handling authority in India. Located in Navi Mumbai, JNPA has rapidly transformed from a bulk cargo terminal to a world-class container port, ranking 26th among the top 100 container ports globally. It maintains connections with over 200 ports worldwide, facilitating efficient trade and logistics.

Maharashtra Maritime Board (MMB)

Established in 1996, the Maharashtra Maritime Board (MMB) serves as the conservator, regulator, facilitator, and administrator of non-major ports along Maharashtra’s coastline. MMB oversees the administration, control, management, and development of these ports, playing a crucial role in the state’s maritime industry.

AECOM India Pvt Ltd

AECOM India Pvt Ltd is a renowned engineering consultancy firm specializing in a wide range of infrastructure projects. Headquartered in Gurgaon, Delhi NCR, AECOM has five regional and project offices, including Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, and Bangalore. Their work spans highways, metro rail projects, airports, seaports, and smart city initiatives.

Pentacle Consultants Pvt Ltd

Previously known as Arun Kelkar & Associates, Pentacle Consultants Pvt Ltd, was established in 1980. This engineering and advisory firm specializes in infrastructure consulting, information technology, and sustainable solutions for large-scale projects.

Royal HaskoningDHV Consulting Pvt Ltd

Royal HaskoningDHV Consulting Pvt Ltd is a global consulting engineering firm headquartered in Amersfoort, Netherlands. With offices in 30 countries and 5,800 professionals worldwide, they specialize in sustainable practices across various sectors, including aviation, buildings, energy, industry, infrastructure, maritime, rural and urban development, and water.

Also Read: 

Port Townships and Make-in-India Vessels: A two-pronged approach for India’s Maritime Future

NHSRCL’s High-Speed Rail (Bullet Train) Projects

Top 10 Upcoming Mega Projects in India


Cabinet approves ‘Development of an all-Weather Greenfield deepdraft Major Port at Vadhavan in Maharashtra’


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Disclaimer: The information in this article is gathered using data from Biltrax Construction Data’s proprietary platform. This article uses feature images that may not represent the project. However, they are merely for illustration purposes.


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