Top 10 Upcoming Mega Projects in India

Unnati More Feb 23, 2024 1

With a burgeoning economy and ambitious infrastructure agenda, India is on the cusp of remarkable change through numerous mega projects. From groundbreaking feats in transportation like the world’s tallest motorable road in Ladakh to visionary initiatives such as the Sagarmala Programme aimed at revolutionizing maritime infrastructure, the nation is poised for unprecedented progress. In this article, we delve into the top 10 upcoming mega projects that exemplify India’s commitment to innovation, connectivity, and economic growth on a grand scale.

Also Read: 5 Major Infra Projects to be inaugurated before 2024 elections

1. Likaru-Mig La-Fukche Road in Ladakh

Likaru-Mig La-Fukche Road Ladakh

Under the ambitious HIMANK initiative of the Border Road Organisation (BRO), the Likaru-Mig La-Kukche road project is poised to achieve a remarkable milestone as the world’s tallest motorable road through glaciers.

With an estimated cost of INR 520 Crore, the project is set to span approximately 64 Km. At an altitude of 19,400 feet, this road will forge a crucial link between Likaru and Fukche, just 3 Km short of the Line of Actual Control (LAC). Situated near Hanle in eastern Ladakh, its primary objective is to ensure vital connectivity to military outposts in the sensitive Fukche sector.

Notably, this project marks a historic milestone as it is the first in India to be entirely executed by an All-Woman Road Construction Company. Once operational, the Likaru-Mig La-Fukche road will underscore India’s commitment to bolstering strategic infrastructure in the North East region.

2. Chenab Bridge

Chenab Bridge, Jammu

In a monumental leap forward in engineering prowess, The Chenab Bridge will be the world’s highest rail bridge, adding a spectacle to Jammu and Kashmir’s already scenic landscape. This upcoming mega project will establish crucial rail connectivity, linking the Kashmir Valley with Jammu. With a span of approximately 13,115 M and towering at 359 M, the bridge will extend over the Chenab River, forming an essential link between Bakkal and Kauri in the Reasi district.

As an integral part of the Katra Banihal line, it plays a pivotal role in finalizing the Udhampur-Srinagar-Baramulla rail link project, enhancing crucial connectivity throughout the region. The completion of the ‘Golden Joint’ in 2022 marked a significant milestone, followed by subsequent track laying and the inaugural track-mounted vehicle trial conducted in 2023.

Construction of the Chenab Bridge

3. Mumbai-Delhi Expressway

Mumbai-Delhi Expressway

The Delhi-Mumbai expressway, a 1,350-Km controlled-access highway initiated by the government in March 2019, aims to revolutionize travel between India’s major cities. It aims to halve the travel time between these prominent cities from 24 to 12 hours. Spanning five states and encompassing greenfield sites earmarked for warehousing hubs, this 8-lane route is envisioned to enhance national connectivity.

With the PM inaugurating the initial stretch from Sohna in Haryana to Dausa in Rajasthan on February 12, 2023, and the Delhi-Vadodara section on October 2, 2023, these imminent inaugurations represent another stride towards bolstering nationwide transportation links.

The 1,350 km Delhi–Mumbai Expressway has been segmented into four sections, boasting a total of 52 construction packages/tenders, with each package spanning 8 Km to 46 Km.

In the upcoming inauguration, the PM is slated to unveil two new segments of the Delhi-Mumbai Expressway, this time in Gujarat and Rajasthan. These extensions, linking Ankaleshwar to Vadodara in Gujarat and a specific stretch in Rajasthan, will further streamline travel between the key economic hubs, Delhi and Mumbai.

4. Navi Mumbai International Airport (NMIA)

Navi Mumbai International Airport (NMIA)

Also Read: The Ideation and Planning of Navi Mumbai International Airport

Construction of Navi Mumbai International Airport, also known as D. B. Patil International Airport, is well underway in Navi Mumbai, India. The project is spearheaded by the City and Industrial Development Corporation (CIDCO), with a master plan crafted by Jacobs Engineering Group. A joint venture between Adani Airports Holdings Limited and CIDCO, operating under the banner Navi Mumbai International Airport Limited (NMIAL), is executing the INR 16,700 Crore initiative.

Spanning 1,160 hectares, construction for this mega project commenced in August 2021, with an anticipated completion date of 2025. The airport boasts a substantial apron area of 720,000 SqFt, a terminal space spanning 180,000 SqFt, and parking for 10 code C aircraft. Phase 1 will see the operation of one of the two runways alongside three interconnected state-of-the-art terminal buildings featuring amenities such as food courts, lounges, and travelators, all designed with an aesthetic motif inspired by lotuses.

Proposed Interior View of Navi Mumbai International Airport by Zaha Hadid Architects

Additionally, an exclusive low-cost airline terminal capable of handling 2 Million passengers annually will be part of the initial phase. Cargo facilities include a domestic freight terminal covering 360,000 SqFt and an international cargo terminal spanning 255,000 SqFt.

This ambitious mega project represents a significant milestone in India’s aviation sector, promising to elevate the region’s connectivity and infrastructure.

5. Ayodhya redevelopment


Also Read: Ayodhya’s Next Chapter: Green Field Township Project

The Uttar Pradesh Housing and Development Board (UPHDB) is spearheading the INR 2,180 Crore Green Field Township (GFT) project in Ayodhya, responding to increased tourist traffic after the inauguration of the Sri Ram Janm Bhumi Temple. PM Narendra Modi laid the foundation stone on December 30, 2023. The project covers 1407 Acres in Manjha Shahanwajpur, Manhja Barhata, and Manjha Tihura villages, with an additional 448 Acres planned.

Phase I, spanning 683 Acres, aims for completion within three years, with 318 Acres secured. It includes 28 plots for mutts and ashrams and 12 commercial plots. Phase II, covering 754 Acres, targets possession by May 2024, alongside the acquisition of another 448 Acres planned for December 2024.

The Government of India has granted environmental clearance for the entire project. Future sectors will introduce hotels, mutts, residential areas, and other land-use plots, with bidding and registration scheduled before March 2024. The Greenfield Township Ayodhya signifies not only a development project but a vision of progress and a promising future for the region.

6. Bangalore Metro

Namma Metro

Bangalore’s Namma Metro, an urban Mass Rapid Transit System (MRTS), boasts 2 lines and 51 stations serving Bengaluru, Karnataka’s capital.

The construction for phase I started in April 2007 and the first section commenced operations in 2011. The final 6th section was inaugurated by India’s President on June 17, 2017.

Phase 2 of the Bangalore Metro, spanning 73.921 Km, initiated construction in September 2015. The first new section, from Mysore Road to Pattanagere (Reach-2A of the Purple Line), is currently underway. The entire phase, including a 13.9 Km underground stretch of the Pink Line, is slated for completion in 2024, expanding the metro network to 116.25 Km.

Planning for Phase 3 of the Bangalore Metro is currently underway, encompassing routes totaling 105.55 Km. Portions of this phase, specifically 18 Km from Central Silk Board to KR Puram, and 38 Km from KR Puram to KIAL Airport, have been fast-tracked. These segments will be constructed concurrently with Phase 2 under Phase 2A and Phase 2B, respectively.

Namma Metro route map

Under Construction Lines (Phase 2, Phase 2A, Phase 2B)

  • Line-2 Green Line: Silk Institute – Anjanapura Depot (0.50 Km, 0 stations)
  • Line-2 Green Line: Hesaraghatta Cross (erst. Nagasandra) – Madavar (erst. BIEC) (3.031 Km, 3 stations).
  • Line-3 Yellow Line: RV Road – Bommasandra (19.143 Km, 16 stations).
  • Line-4 Pink Line: Gottigere (Kalena Agrahara) – Nagawara (21.386 Km, 18 stations).
  • Line-5 Blue Line: Central Silkboard – KR Puram (18.236 Km, 13 stations, “ORR Line”).
  • Line-5 Blue Line: KR Puram – Hebbal – KIAL Terminals (37 Km, 17 stations, “Airport Line”).

7. Bharatmala Pariyojana

Also Read: Kharghar-Turbhe Tunnel Road Project

Bharatmala Pariyojana, the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways‘ flagship initiative, aims to boost freight efficiency and passenger mobility nationwide, ranking as the second-largest highway project post-NHDP. With an approximate cost of INR 692.32 Billion, it focuses on enhancing road connectivity in border areas, coastal regions, and non-major ports, alongside improving national and economic corridors. Additionally, it includes constructing ring roads, bypasses, and elevated corridors to alleviate urban traffic congestion, integrating with Sagarmala, and establishing Multimodal Logistics Parks (MMLPs) to streamline freight movement.

Construction highlights:

Approved in October 2017, the project, initially slated for five years, will be developed in two phases.

Bharatmala Pariyojana detailed route map

Phase I of the Bharatmala Pariyojana, covering nearly 34,800 km with an estimated budget of INR 5.35 Trillion (between 2017 and 2022), includes:

  • 9,000 Km of economic corridors (INR 120 Billion).
  • 6,000 Km of feeder routes/inter corridors (INR 80 Billion)
  • 5,000 Km of national corridor efficiency improvements (INR 100 Billion).
  • 2,000 Km of border and international connectivity roads (INR 25 Billion).
  • 2,000 Km of coastal and port connectivity roads (INR 20 Billion).
  • 800 Km of greenfield expressways (INR 40 Billion)
  • 10,000 Km of balance NHDP works (INR 150 Billion), including new road construction and maintenance.

By December 2023, approximately 15,549 Km (76% of the total target) of road projects were completed under Phase I, with an estimated cost of INR 4.23 Trillion, and 26,418 Km of road projects were awarded.

Phase II, covering around 5,000 Km, is set to connect 550 district headquarters with 4-lane corridors, elevating the total corridor count to 50, with an estimated investment of INR 3 Trillion. Currently, it is in the planning phase.

8. Sagarmala Project

The Sagarmala Programme, an ambitious initiative of the Ministry of Ports, Shipping, and Waterways, received the green light from the Union Cabinet on March 25, 2015. This flagship project is designed to catalyze port-led development throughout India by harnessing the nation’s extensive coastline, spanning 7,500 Km, and its vast network of potentially navigable waterways covering 14,500 Km.

The primary vision of Sagarmala is to streamline logistics, thereby reducing costs for both domestic and international cargo transportation. With an ambitious timeline set until 2035, Sagarmala entails 839 projects requiring an estimated investment of INR 579,971 Lakh Crore. Currently, 241 projects totaling INR 1.22 Lakh Crore have been completed, while 234 projects worth INR 1.8 Lakh Crore are underway. Moreover, 364 projects valued at INR 2.78 Lakh Crore are in various stages of development, with collaboration between central ministries, state governments, and major ports driving implementation.

Notably, in 2023 alone, 20 projects with a collective investment of INR 11,620 Crores were completed under the Sagarmala Programme. These projects focused on diverse areas such as port modernization, port connectivity, coastal shipping, and inland water transport (IWT).

With numerous achievements already marked, this mega project stands as a testament to the government’s commitment to bolstering India’s maritime infrastructure and economic growth.

9. Bullet Train project

Bullet Train

The Mumbai – Ahmedabad High-Speed Rail (MAHSR Bullet Train) project, a 508.17 Km high-speed rail line under construction, is poised to transform travel between Maharashtra and Gujarat. The project, estimated at INR 1.1 Lakh Crore, will link the two major cities through 12 stations.

Managed by National High-Speed Rail Corporation Ltd. (NHSRCL), the project is financed by a 50-year loan of INR 88,087 Crore from Japan. The first segment of the Mumbai – Ahmedabad Bullet Train project is anticipated to commence operations in 2026.

Bullet Train route map

The trains will traverse an elevated viaduct, elevated 10-15 M above the ground, except in Mumbai, where the line will be subterranean, utilizing three mega Tunnel Boring Machines (TBM). Notably, between Mumbai and Thane stations, the line will traverse underwater at Thane Creek for approximately 2 Km.

Significant progress has been made, with the completion of lodging facilities at the Vadodara Training Centre and ongoing construction at the Sabarmati HSR Terminal Station. Concrete foundation work for the main line commenced in February 2021, marking another step towards the realization of this groundbreaking mega project.

10. Supernova Spira – India’s Tallest Residential Towers

Supertech Supernova

Also Read: Over 1642 new construction projects tracked in January 2024

Supertech Supernova, set to grace the skyline of Noida in Sector 94, promises to redefine luxury living in India with its towering presence. Boasting five remarkable towers, including the iconic 80-storey Spira, alongside Nova West, Nova East, Astralis, Aurora, and Radiance, this residential marvel stands as a testament to architectural excellence.

Spearheaded by the acclaimed design architect Modarch India, the project, which commenced in 2013, is nearing its much-anticipated completion in 2024. Occupying a 17.5 Acre land parcel and encompassing a staggering 6,415,320 SqFt of construction area, Supertech Supernova represents a monumental investment, amounting to INR 1,603 Crore.

Currently, the project is on the brink of its final stage, with finishing works in progress, signalling the imminent arrival of a new era in urban living.


What is project HIMANK? Interesting details of ICONIC project in India !!

5 Major Infra Projects to be inaugurated before 2024 elections

Ayodhya’s Next Chapter: Green Field Township Project

The Ideation and Planning of Navi Mumbai International Airport

Namma Metro – Home

Bangalore Metro: Route Map, Stations, Fares, Tenders & Updates

Bharatmala Pariyojana – A Stepping Stone towards New India| National Portal of India

Press Information Bureau

Bharatmala Phase-I | Ministry of Road Transport & Highways, Government of India

SagarMala – Ministry of Shipping, GOI, Government of India

Mumbai-Ahmedabad Bullet Train: Status, Route Map & Tenders [2024]

Mumbai–Ahmedabad high-speed rail corridor – Wikipedia

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Disclaimer: The information contained herein has been compiled or arrived at, based upon information obtained in good faith from sources believed to be reliable. All such information and opinions can be subject to change. The image featured in this article is for representation purposes only and does not in any way represent the project. If you wish the article to be removed or edited, please email


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